161 CI/WARSAW 44



Activated by 161 CI 101





The Warsaw Uprising  was a major World War II operation, in the summer of 1944, by the Polish underground resistance, led by the Polish resistance Home Army (Polish: Armia Krajowa), to liberate Warsaw from German occupation.


The uprising was timed to coincide with the retreat of the German forces from Poland ahead of the Soviet advance.


While approaching the eastern suburbs of the city, the Red Army temporarily halted combat operations, enabling the Germans to regroup and defeat the Polish resistance and to destroy the city in retaliation.


The Uprising  began on 1 August 1944 and was fought for 63 days with little outside support.


It is estimated that about 16,000 members of the Polish resistance were killed and about 6,000 badly wounded.

In addition, between 150,000 and 200,000 Polish civilians died, mostly from mass executions.


The Warsaw Uprising ends on October 2, 1944, with the surrender of the surviving Polish rebels to German forces.


After 63 days, the Poles—out of arms, supplies, food, and water—were forced to surrender.


The Nazis deported much of Warsaw’s population and destroyed the city.

With protestors in Warsaw out of the way, the Soviets faced little organized opposition in establishing a communist government in Poland.

Jerzy will be active from time to time.

His working conditions consist of President Lincoln radio with a Pan DM432MT microphone and a 5/8 GP Antenna.

  QSL Route : (QSL direct)
Jerzy Makulski
Przyjazna 15 street
83-050 Lublewo



Normal contribution : $2 or 2 € + SAE

NO QRZ on the envelope PLEASE